东西方文化对话   Occident/Orient Dialogue   Dialogue Orient et occident   Ost-West-Dialog

japanese architecture today

2013-07-23 18:57 Florian Thomas

Japanese architecture is currently on the move. Architects like Sou Fujimoto are reinventing the house, they are creating new shapes, which are responding to most urgent questions of ecology and economy. Questions about how to built with less money in smaller spaces without losing living quality.

 

Japan has got a long history of building simple and without ornaments. It started in the 17th century with the Sukiya-style, which was especially applied to the teahouses of that era. Since that time, in Japan there has been an understanding for reduction not to be a failure, but a relief from unnecessary burdens.

 

Today the metropolitan region of Tokyo has got 37 million people living in it. Thats 13.600 per square kilometer - compared to 3.800 in Berlin. This extreme density led to the necessity of finding new architectural solutions. 

Yoshiharu Tsukamoto has been folding his house, like a piece of origami, into a gap of less than 3 metres.

The most important japanese architect today is Sou Fujimoto. His first internationally renowned building was a house that is compiled of several cubes. These 2.5 metres wide cubes contain either a kitchen, bed or bathroom; they are connected with ladders and in between the cubes trees are growing. 

The Moriyama House, designed by Ryue Nishizawa, is also an arrangement of rooms which is organized like a small city. It is a lose network of spaces, where rooms become houses and corridors become alleys. 

Living together densely requires new forms of thinking. The new japanese architecture is breaking down the borders between public and private spaces without giving up the core zones of the intimate spaces. It puts the focus on the public space, where people of all ages, social and cultural background live together.

Write a Review
Please consciously abide by Internet-related policies and regulations, prohibited publication of pornographic, violent, reactionary remarks.
Evaluate:
Username: Verification code: Click here to cancel